Javier Solana was Minister of Culture, Education, Foreign Minister and government spokesman Felipe Gonzalez in Spain. He served as general secretary of NATO between 1995 and 1999 and was a High Representative for Foreign and Defense Policy of the European Union until 2009 . In the academic session “Challenges to International Security” organized by the Argentine Council for International Relations (CARI), said that “global problems need global solutions and, therefore, of global institutions”.
http://america.infobae.com/notas/32531-Hoy-los-Gobiernos-mandan-menos-que-ayerAccording to their analysis, the late twentieth century it was thought that the time coincided with the end of history, and in this post-historical period expected a unipolar world, harmonious, peaceful and predictable. “It’s been 11 years of this century, and only in the second half fell Hosni Mubarak in Egypt, Zine el Abidine Ben Ali in Tunisia, started the first movements in the Arab world. Nobody expected that Mubarak and Ben Ali faced courts , “said Solana.
He added other unexpected experiences in this period. ” The tsunami in Japan had extraordinary consequences, since it proved that countries fail first row . It questioned nuclear power and reached a resolution of the Security Council of the UN first used the concept of “responsibility to protect “.” He also mentioned the death of Bin Laden and that ” rock the world economy “, United States, suffered a devaluation in international rating .
” If I had to pick one feature of the world today would be the transfer of power between states and within them . The first of these transfers play an important emerging countries “, he said. “In 1750, half of global GDP was in Asia. Then the industrial revolution came down to one fifth the preponderance of the continent. However, in 2030 we will be almost the same as in 1750”, she said. The Spanish said that is not the first time this happens. After the Second World War, the transfer was from Europe to the United States, “was a family,” he quipped. And he said: “Now the culture and institutions are different and have to see how they fit these differences.”
In this context, Solana told an anecdote to illustrate “what the world has changed.” ” I remember the drama of the G-7 and G-8 when the president of Mexico waiting at the door while others armed themselves only after the document and called him to sign, now no one outside the world is multipolar , ” he said with hope.
In that sense, explained that the hard power, the military continues to be unipolar with the United States as a power. In the background, they say, are economic transactions where “clearly” the world is multipolar. And in a third plane located at “non-state transactions.” In this instance Solana called it “Apollo”, as noted the difficulty in finding partners. It is also located in this plane where the “bad deals” such as organized crime. This is the instance of the world today, in his view, the more it grows. “Today, governments send less than yesterday,” he lamented.
The Spanish said that multipolarity garanatiza no question of a world safer than the unipolar or bipolar. “If it is well governed, there is no guarantee of stability,” he said, adding that multipolarity and multilateralism requires “so we need more and better global institutions”.
He admitted the importance of global institutions today, such as the International Monetary Fund, World Bank, United Nations and the World Trade Organization. However,said he does not know how much will be lasting. “They are made by the victors, by the West . In China know that the G-20 is only an amendment to the G-7, and until we are able to open dialogue, not work to the best of our ability, “he said.
The Arab spring
On the Middle East and Arab world, said it is “extraordinary that has happened in Egypt and Tunisia.” However, he expressed his concern about the situation in Bahrain, “Saudi Arabia is nervous because of the confrontation between Sunnis and Shiites, which means the entry into the conflict in Iran, as it has in Syria.”
As for the NATO action in Libya , the former head of the alliance said that it is a role “perfectly legitimate”. “The Security Council resolution speaks of using” all means “and gives as limited only by the invasion of the territory. Nothing is perfect, but if we had not intervened, the killings in Benghazi would have been tremendous . Moreover, the resolution had the support of the Arab League, African Union, and had only abstention from China and Russia. ” For Solana, the decision of the two countries lies in their disagreement with the concept of “responsibility to protect,” but that “opt out” becomes a “laissez-faire with the abstention.”
Another analysis done on Syria, where protests began in mid-March and increased almost proportionally to the repression of the government of Bashar Al Assad. For Solana, Syrian territory will always be a conflict between two regional powers: Turkey and Iran.
In closing his speech, Solana listed global problems “that need a global solution”: the economic crisis, nuclear proliferation (especially uranium enrichment in Iran), climate change, poverty and insecurity in cyberspace.
Comment by Adamantine:
JS has a knack for being the first to say what others already know.
We all know the USA has been devalued but I do not know another world politician retired or otherwise that has of yet said so.