Initiative for the dialog was the result of urging from the three NATO members (in 1994) that border the
Mediterranean – Spain, Italy and France – that NATO had an interest in stability in the
Mediterranean region. The first talks… Friday February 24
1995….the three members felt that NATO was focusing
too much on its eastern flank, …
2) Javier Solana in 1995, Secretary General of NATO
Towards the end of ( Solana became Secretary General of NATO toward the end of 1995)
1995 NATO decided to pursue the ( Mediterranean) dialog, to extend it to Jordan, and to give it a permanent
3)Javier Solana in 1998, Secretary General of NATO
By Caroline Faraj
AMMAN — Secretary General of (NATO) Javier Solana praised Jordan’s role and expressed hope for more cooperation … through the Mediterranean dialogue.
“I think that Jordan,… a member of the Mediterranean dialogue with NATO since 1995, has played a role in contributing to security and stability in the Middle East region,” Solana told the Jordan Times at NATO headquarters …
Solana conceded that the purpose of that dialogue is not clear yet…
“The most important relationship … is through the Euro- Mediterranean partnership,
” Solana said. “NATO comes second after the EU and can do a lot,” … the organization can “give added value”
“Frankly speaking, we haven’t gone far enough. We are prepared and we have to go further, but we also need your countries to have the will to go further…”
4) 1999 as Secretary General of NATO
Conference in Valencia ”The Mediterranean Dialogue and the New NATO” February 1999
… US Rand Corporation: “The Future of NATO’s Initiative: Evolution and Next Steps”: The Dialogue reflects the Alliance’s view that security in Europe is closely linked to security and stability in the Mediterranean.
Remarks by Javier Solana at the conference
I would argue that the Mediterranean is a key issue where coordination may offer huge payoffs.… coherence could have synergistic effects in… all areas
NATO and the EU working together towards the same strategic ends could … have a decisive effect…
5) Javier Solana in 2009 as High Representative
What lessons for the future?”
firmly anchored in political strategies.
The solution is always political. … all require a political deal
…the interests and
power of all involved. Power is not just
military or financial muscle, legitimacy
is …more important.
Our Member States … must
improve our ability … of our
political engagement in other parts of
the world. The strengths of one…must become a source of strength
for the others … EU action.
Partnerships become more
and more important … We can
do much more than 10 years ago. But
we cannot do it alone. …through
… The ‘either/or’ EU-NATO debate is
outdated… the added value of the broader
EU/ESDP approach to security has been
demonstrated. The key issue now is to
develop a more flexible framework for
Comment by Adamantine:
Javier Solana was around the Madrid Peace talks Spain in 1991,EuroMediterranean conference (1995) Spain at Barcelona , ENPI (2004) which link Europe and the Mediterranean world, as prime mover in the initiatives of the Alliance of Civilizations initiated from Spain and Turkey, instrumental in having the Union of the Mediterranean headquartered at Barcelona, Spain.
In November 1993 as the foreign minister of Spain he signed the first treaty between an EU member state and Israel referencing middle east peace. In March 1995 as Foreign Minister of Spain he helped inaugurate Eurofor as a military cooperative . Javier Solana was instrumental in the initiation of the expansion of NATO eastward.
Javier Solana while foreign Minister of Spain in 1994 initiated calls for a Mediterranean dialogue of NATO
It is possible to see that he was instrumental in extending the reach of Europe towards the Mediterranean at multiple junctures.
6) Javier Solana 2011
The Mediterranean reborn
The Mediterranean is undergoing a monumental political transformation.
The Mediterranean played a crucial role in the first Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations, was the sea of the Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans, and was the center of the world first for the Arabs and Barbarians, and later for the Ottomans and the Spanish. Today, …the Mediterranean has a great opportunity to recover its lost prestige.
7) NATO and the Arab Spring
Some people have asked why NATO acted in Libya but not elsewhere, in particular in Syria. My answer is clear. We took action in Libya because we have a strong mandate from the Security Council and solid support from countries in the region. That is a unique combination which we have not seen elsewhere.
However, there is no solely military solution to this conflict. The only lasting solution will be a political one that responds to the legitimate aspirations of the Libyan people. NATO allies and partners will keep up the pressure to pave the way for such a solution. .. the question is not if Qaddafi will go, but when.
NATO already has two partnership frameworks that bring together the 28 allies with many countries of the region: our Mediterranean Dialogue with Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Mauritania, Morocco and Tunisia,
A democratic Libya, if it were interested, would be a most welcome new partner.
Further Comment by Adamantine:
A possible reason NATO acted in Libya and no where else is because Libya resisted the growing influence of Europe and it was time to remove Kaddafi.
Libya resisted the advances of Europe in the Mediterranean.
They have now been given an offer they cannot refuse. The EU and NATO are synergistic actors in the advance of the Roman Empire into the Mediterranean.